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一级消防工程师考试:建筑外墙保温系统考点大全及真题回顾

编辑:深圳市瑞泰来科技有限公司    添加时间:2019-07-30

福彩3D走势图JIANZHUWAIQIANGBAOWENXITONGFENWEIWAIQIANGNEIBAOWENXITONG、WAIQIANGWAIBAOWENXITONG、FUHEBAOWENXITONG、WUMIANWAIBAOWENXITONGDENG,QIZHONG,WAIQIANGWAIBAOWENXITONGYOUFENWEIYOUKONGQIANGHEWUKONGQIANGLIANGZHONG。

从危险程度来看,外墙内保温系统比外墙外保温系统危险性大,有空腔比无空腔危险性大,因此在防火设计要求上也有所不同。同时,由于使用场所不一样,人员密集场所要比公共建筑和住宅建筑更严格。故人员密集场所的外墙内保温材料和外墙外保温材料均应采用A级保温材料,建筑外墙内保温系统和福彩3D走势图外墙有空腔保温材料应采用不低于B1级的保温材料。

一、外墙内保温系统

1、材料选择

福彩3D走势图RENYUANMIJICHANGSUO,YONGHUO、RANYOU、RANQIDENGJUYOUHUOZAIWEIXIANXINGDECHANGSUOYIJIGELEIJIANZHUNEIDESHUSANLOUTIJIAN、BINANZOUDAO、BINANJIAN、BINANCENGDENGCHANGSUOHUOBUWEI,YINGCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIAJIDEBAOWENCAILIAO。QITACHANGSUO,YINGCAIYONGDIYAN、DIDUQIERANSHAOXINGNENGBUDIYUB1JIDEBAOWENCAILIAO。

2、防护层要求

YINGCAIYONGBURANCAILIAOZUOFANGHUCENG。CAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB1JIDEBAOWENCAILIAOSHI,FANGHUCENGDEHOUDUBUYINGXIAOYU10mm。

二、复合保温系统

JIANZHUWAIQIANGCAIYONGBAOWENCAILIAOYULIANGCEQIANGTIGOUCHENGWUKONGQIANGFUHEBAOWENJIEGOUTISHI,GAIJIEGOUTIDENAIHUOJIXIANYINGFUHEBENGUIFANDEYOUGUANGUIDING;DANGBAOWENCAILIAODERANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB1、B2JISHI,BAOWENCAILIAOLIANGCEDEQIANGTIYINGCAIYONGBURANCAILIAOQIEHOUDUJUNBUYINGXIAOYU50mm。

三、外墙外保温系统

1、无空腔

住宅建筑:建筑高度大于100m时,保温材料的燃烧性能应为A级;建筑高度大于27m,但不大于100m时,保温材料的燃烧性能不应低于B1级;建筑高度不大于27m时,保温材料的燃烧性能不应低于B2级。
福彩3D走势图除住宅建筑和设置人员密集场所的建筑外,其他建筑:建筑高度大于50m时,保温材料的燃烧性能应为A级;建筑高度大于24m,但不大于50m时,保温材料的燃烧性能不应低于B1级;建筑高度不大于24m时,保温材料的燃烧性能不应低于B2级。

ZHU:DUIYUZHUZHAIJIANZHUKELIJIEWEICHAOGAOCENGZHUZHAIYINGCAIYONGAJI,GAOCENGZHUZHAIBUYINGDIYUB1JI,DAN、DUOCENGZHUZHAIBUYINGDIYUB2JI。DUIYUJIANZHUGAODUBUDAYU50mDEYILEIGAOCENGGONGGONGJIANZHU,KECAIYONGB1JICAILIAO。

2、有空腔

JIANZHUGAODUDAYU24mSHI,BAOWENCAILIAODERANSHAOXINGNENGYINGWEIAJI。JIANZHUGAODUBUDAYU24mSHI,BAOWENCAILIAODERANSHAOXINGNENGBUYINGDIYUB1JI。

3、共性要求

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2)YINGZAIBAOWENXITONGZHONGMEICENGSHEZHISHUIPINGFANGHUOGELIDAI。FANGHUOGELIDAIYINGCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIAJIDECAILIAO,FANGHUOGELIDAIDEGAODUBUYINGXIAOYU300mm。

3)建筑的外墙外保温系统应采用不燃材料在其表面设置防护层,防护层应将保温材料完全包覆。除特殊规定外,当采用B1、B2级保温材料时,防护层厚度首层不应小于15mm,其他层不应小于5mm。
4)建筑外墙外保温系统与基层墙体、装饰层之间的空腔,应在每层楼板处采用防火封堵材料封堵。

四、屋面外保温系统

建筑的屋面外保温系统,当屋面板的耐火极限不低于1.00h时,保温材料的燃烧性能不应低于B2级;当屋面板的耐火极限低于1.00h时,不应低于B1级。采用B1、B2级保温材料的外保温系统应采用不燃材料作防护层,防护层的厚度不应小于10mm。
当建筑的屋面和外墙外保温系统均采用B1、B2级保温材料时,屋面与外墙之间应采用宽度不小于500mm的不燃材料设置防火隔离带进行分隔。

五、建筑外墙装饰层

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福彩3D走势图ZHU:YINGZHUYIDANGGAIJIANZHUGAODUDAYU50mSHI,QIWAIQIANGDEZHUANGSHICENGYINGCAIYONGAJICAILIAO。

真题回顾(共7分)

福彩3D走势图【2015NIANZONGHENENGLI20】ZAIDUIJIANZHUWAIQIANGZHUANGSHICAILIAOJINXINGDEFANGHUOJIANCHAZHONG,XIALIEBUFUHEXIANGGUANGUIFANYAOQIUDESHI()。

福彩3D走势图A.MOUZONGHELOU,DISHANG10CENG,JIANZHUWAIQIANGCAIYONGLVKOUBANZHUANGSHI

B.MOUCHAOGAOCENGBANGONGLOUDEQUNFANGJIANZHUWAIQIANGCAIYONGMUWENJINSHUBANZHUANGSHI

C.MOUDANGANGUAN,JIANZHUGAODU40m,DISHANGYIZHISICENGDEJIANZHUWAIQIANGCAIYONGPVCSULIAOBANQIANGBANZHUANGSHI

福彩3D走势图D.MOUXINGJIJIUDIAN,DISHANG20CENG,JIANZHUWAIQIANGCAIYONGNANRANFANGHUAGANGYANZHUANGSHIBANZHUANGSHI

【DAAN】D

【2016NIANZONGHENENGLI46】ZAIDUIJIANZHUWAIQIANGZHUANGSHICAILIAOJINXINGFANGHUOJIANCHASHI,FAXIANDEXIALIEZUOFAZHONGBUFUHEXIANXINGGUOJIAXIAOFANGJISHUBIAOZHUNGUIDINGDESHI()。

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福彩3D走势图B.25CENGZHUZHAILOU,WAIQIANGDEZHUANGSHICENGCAIYONGDALISHI

福彩3D走势图C.JIANZHUGAODU48mDEYIYUAN,WAIQIANGDEZHUANGSHICENGCAIYONGDUOCAITULIAO

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【DAAN】D

【DATIJIQIAO】YISHANGLIANGTITIGANZHONGJUNHANYOU“JIANZHUWAIQIANGZHUANGSHICAILIAO”,JIANZHUGAODUDAYU50mDEJIANZHU,WAIQIANGDEZHUANGSHICAILIAOYINGCAIYONGAJICAILIAO,ZHONGDIANGUANZHUXUANXIANGZHONGGAODUDAYU50mDEJIANZHU。

福彩3D走势图【2015NIANJISHUSHIWU96】MOU8CENGZHUZHAIJIANZHU,CENGGAOWEI3.0m,SHOUCENGDIMIANBIAOGAOWEI±0.000m,SHIWAIDIPINGBIAOGAO-0.600m,PINGWUMIANMIANCENGBIAOGAO24.200m。DUIGAIZHUZHAIWAIQIANGJINXINGBAOWENSHEJI,XUANYONGDEBAOWENCAILIAOHEFANGSHIZHONG,FUHEGUIFANYAOQIUDEYOU()。

A.CHULOUTIJIANWAI,NEIBAOWENCAILIAOCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB1JIDEJUANZHIPAOMOBAN

B.CHUBAOWENTIXIYUJICENGQIANGTIWUKONGQIANG,BAOWENCAILIAOCAIYONGKUANGMIANBAN

C.CHULOUTIJIANWAI,NEIBAOWENCAILIAOCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB2JIDEJUBENYIXIPAOMOBAN

福彩3D走势图D.CHULOUTIJIANWAIYUJICENGXIANGTIWUKONGQIANG,BAOWENCAILIAOCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB1JIDEJUANZHIPAOMOBAN

福彩3D走势图E.CHULOUTIJIANWAIYUJICENGXIANGTIWUKONGQIANG,BAOWENCAILIAOCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB1JIDEJUBENYIXIPAOMOBAN

【DAAN】BDE

【2016NIANJISHUSHIWU22】XIALIEGUANYUYUJICENGQIANGTI、ZHUANGSHICENGZHIJIANWUKONGQIANGQIEMEICENGSHEZHIFANGHUOGELIDAIDEJIANZHUWAIQIANGWAIBAOWENXITONGDEZUOFAZHONG,CUOWUDESHI()。

A.JIANZHUGAODUWEI23.8mDEZHUZHAIJIANZHU,CAIYONGB2JIBAOWENCAILIAO,WAIQIANGSHANGMEN、CHUANGDENAIHUOWANZHENGXINGWEI0.25h

B.JIANZHUGAODUWEI48mDEZHUZHAIJIANZHU,CAIYONGB1JIBAOWENCAILIAO,WAIQIANGSHANGMEN、CHUANGDENAIHUOWANZHENGXINGWEI0.5h

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福彩3D走势图D.JIANZHUGAODUWEI23.8mDEZHUZHAIJIANZHU,CAIYONGB1JIBAOWENCAILIAO,WAIQIANGSHANGMEN、CHUANGDENAIHUOWANZHENGXINGWEI0.25h

【DAAN】A

福彩3D走势图【2015NIANZONGHENENGLI52】MOUSHANGCHANG,DISHANG6CENG,JIANZHUGAODU32m,DIYIZHISICENGWEISHANGYEYINGYETING,DIWUCENGWEICANYINCHANGSUO。DILIUCENGWEIDIANYINGYUAN,JIANZHUCAIYONGYUJICENGQIANGTI、ZHUANGSHIZHIJIANYOUKONGQIANGDEWAIQIANGWAIBAOWENXITONG。XIALIEGUANYUGAIXITONGDEZUOFAZHONG,CUOWUDESHI()。

福彩3D走势图A.CAIYONGNANRANCAILIAOZAIQIBIAOMIANSHEZHIWANZHENGFUGAIDEFANGHUCENG

福彩3D走势图B.WAIQIANGWAIBAOWENCAILIAOCAIYONGBURANCAILIAO

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【DAAN】A

【2016NIANZONGHENENGLI77】ZAIDUIJIANZHUWAIBAOWENXITONGJINXINGFANGHUOJIANCHASHI,FAXIANDEXIALIEZUOFAZHONG,FUHEXIANXINGGUOJIAXIAOFANGJISHUBIAOZHUNYAOQIUDESHI()。

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福彩3D走势图B.JIANZHUGAODU27mDEZHUZHAILOU,JICENGQIANGTIYUZHUANGSHICENGZHIJIANWUKONGQIANG,WAIQIANGWAIBAOWENXITONGCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB2JIDEBAOWENCAILIAO

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福彩3D走势图D.JIANZHUGAODUWEI18mDEBANGONGLOU,JICENGQIANGTIYUZHUANGSHICENGZHIJIANYOUKONGQIANG,WAIQIANGWAIBAOWENXITONGCAIYONGRANSHAOXINGNENGWEIB2JIDEBAOWENCAILIAO

【DAAN】B

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